Tree and Shrub Pruning

All trees require pruning and trimming at one time or another. Properly pruned trees are much healthier and better able to fight off pest and cultural threats. In addition to promoting tree health, pruning and trimming has a multitude of other benefits:

• AESTHETICS: Improve the overall appearance, shape and structure of the trees or to stimulate flower production.

• HEALTH: Eliminate dead or diseased branches and remove crossing or rubbing branches. Increased sun exposure and airflow is beneficial against fungal diseases that thrive in moist environments.

• SAFETY: Damaged, diseased, broken or weak limbs pose hazards to anyone or anything underneath them. These branches do not always wait for a storm to fall, and can cause injury or property damage.

• LANDSCAPE: Overgrown trees can impede the growth of other plants and grass around them. Pruning can ensure that they will get the rain and light needed to be healthy.

• FRUIT PRODUCTION: Improves fruit quality and quantity. Plants that are properly pruned will produce high quality fruit sooner and have longer lifespans. Pruning and training, directing tree growth to a desired shape or form, will develop a strong tree framework to support fruit production.

Traditionally, growth is maximized and wound closure is fastest if trimming and pruning is done before the spring growth flush. Some trees, like oak and elm, should only be pruned during the winter since they are prone to disease. Dormant pruning enables us to correct disease problems which would be more risky during the summer season. Heavy pruning just after the spring growth flush should be avoided but normal pruning cycles resume thereafter and are just as effective in the health of your trees. Our experienced staff is always available to tend to your pruning needs year round.

The amount of live tissue that should be removed depends on the tree size, species and age, as well as the pruning objectives. Younger trees will tolerate the removal of higher percentage than that of mature trees. It is important to remember that it is easier for a tree to recover from several small pruning wounds faster than one large wound. The older and larger a tree becomes, the less energy it has in reserve to close wounds and defend against decay or insect attack.

• PRUNING/CROWN CLEANING: Thinning and removal of dead, diseased, damaged, broken, stub and interfering limbs retaining actual crown as set forth by industry standards.

• HAZARD PRUNING: Removal of dead, diseased or weak branches. Hazardous pruning shall consist of the removal of the described branches to a size that in falling would injure a person. (Usually consist of 2” or more in diameter.)

• THINNING: Selective removal of individual branches to help reduce weight stress, wind resistance and allow for more needed or required sunlight in many cases.

• CROWN REDUCTION OR HEADING BACK: Reduction of overall height and/or width (usually for fruit and ornamental trees and evergreens).

• ELEVATION: Pruning or removal of required limbs for greater height clearance over lawns, driveways, sidewalks and other structural items.

• CLEARANCE: Pruning or removal of required limbs as outlined to provide proper distance to buildings, lights, wires, plants or other items that may be requested or suggested by the client or Branch Tree & Landscape Service.